Christianity: An Evaluation
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Rev. Chakiris M. Moss, Ph.D.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. THE GOSPELS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
II. LETTERS OF THE APOSTLE PAUL
Acts- The beginning structure of early Christianity
Romans- The development of Christian doctrine
Corinthians I & II- The concept of rebirth and doctrine of love
III. THE BOOK OF REVELATION
The statement of the decline of mankind and the future of mankind
IV. HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF CHRISTIAN
RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD
Ecclesiates- Solomon's view of the meaning of life
Proverbs- The affect Proverbs has on the Christian view
Deuteronomy- The development of law, the Covenant God made with Israel.
Isaiah- How Isaiah foretells the coming of Christ and his earthly mission for mankind.
Christianity plays a major role in society. Christian doctrine is a
primary source of how we govern our lives and what we view as being right or
The Bible in particular provides a look into the development of
Christianity and the doctrine that holds true today. Christians mostly use
the Bible as a road map or guide of how we should live our lives.
An examination of certain books in the Bible provides a better
understanding of the development, structure, doctrine, purpose and message of
The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are descriptive writings of
the observance or witness of the works, divinity and purpose of Jesus
Christ's sufferings, death, and resurrection. Each has its similarities, yet
subtle differences in the presentation of Jesus.
The book of Matthew is a witness of Jesus as the Messiah of the Old
Testament from the birth of Jesus to his death and resurrection. Matthew
gives his account of Jesus' baptism by John, the various parables, His
transfiguration, the miracles He performed, the betrayal by Judas, the
crucifixion, burial and resurrection.
The gospel of Mark has a character of Peter, which is quick in movement
and active. The gospel of Mark has been call a moving picture of the
ministry of Jesus Christ. The book of Mark provides more detail of the same
works as found in the other gospels, with more emphasis given to the looks
and gestures of Jesus. Also there are eighteen miracles of Jesus in this
book with only four parables. This book gives witness to His works and
power. The purpose of the book of Mark is primarily the Gospel of Jesus
Christ, salvation through His atoning death.
The overwhelming theme of the Gospel of Luke is that Jesus Christ is the
Divine Savior. A message of the Gospel of Luke is symbolized in Luke 19:10,
"the Son of Man is come to seek and to save that which was lost". This book
shows Jesus came to save all ages, sinners, the poor as well as the rich.
The Gospel of Luke proclaims that good news that Jesus revealed Himself as
the Almighty redeemer who is the only begotten Son of the Father.
The fourth gospel's purpose is clearly stated in the verse John 20:30,31.
Through the reading of this gospel you feel a true desire to worship Jesus.
The Gospel of John gives an account of Jesus as the Divine Savior who has
come for Jew and Gentile, through crucifixion to resurrection offering
The early structure of Christianity is exhibited in the book of Acts as
it gives an account of the development of the church. The book begins with
the ascension of Jesus Christ and the apostles being sent forth to continue
Acts takes us through the ministries of Peter, Stephen, and Paul. We see
how each ministry developed, was challenged and with the power of God and
through Jesus their ministries grew. Acts gives examples of the miracles
performed through these ministries and the profound growth as a result. We
find in particular the ministries being challenged due to the growth and the
Divine intervention of the Holy Spirit that delivered them from their enemies.
The Church grew in multitude by expanding the ministries through the
calling of associates into the ministry. Acts gives account of the saving of
souls and baptism, through the acceptance of Jesus Christ as Savior.
Through the examining of the book of Acts you see the development of
Christianity and the church as we know it.
The development of Christian doctrine comes from the book of Romans.
Paul gives us direction in regards to how to be Christ like, how to live a
Christian life. Paul tells us how God is impartial, that we all are His
children and how Jesus came to fulfill the law that we might be saved. Paul
further tells what we must do to be saved in Romans 10:9-10.
The book of Romans is a letter regarding Christian behaviors and
attributes, giving guide to the calling of ministers and others in regards to
the church. It gives doctrine regarding the duties of a Christian and how a
Christian should live, reminding us of the commandments. Paul reminds us
that we are all held accountable and will have to attest to our actions. We
should be guided by love, love of God, love of Jesus, and love of our
neighbors. Paul warns us of the condemnation associated with judging others,
seeking revenge, being not lazy in the business of serving the Lord. Paul
reminds us that we are all one body of Christ with many members each
fulfilling a purpose to the overall edification of Christ Jesus who is the
exemplar of our faith.
Paul wrote the church of Corinth with love and compassion. Corinthians
I and II are letters written by Paul back to the church of Corinth. These
are letters of instruction and edification of God and Jesus Christ.
The concept of rebirth is being born again through the accepting of Jesus
Christ as Lord and Savior. Just as Jesus died and rose again, so shall we
that believe in Him. we are reminded in Corinthians I of the Lord's Supper,
that He shed his blood and gave His life for us, and that we should always
remember through observance. This love is illustrated in cross reference
with "God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son". John 3:16
The concept of love is shown throughout Corinthians II. The book is an
example of Paul's love for God, Jesus Christ, and the church in general. He
told of his ministry and how he was a living sacrifice of service for the
Lord. And through love or charity our reward is great in Heaven. We are
reminded that we are one body in Christ and that we should love each other as
we do Christ Jesus.
John writes in the book of Revelation the decline and future of mankind.
John writes the prophecy revealed to him regarding how mankind through our
sinful nature will be destroyed unless we repent and accept Jesus as our
John gives us a look at the returning of Jesus Christ for the saints. He
gives the vision of how mankind will miss the return of Jesus if we don't
repent and accept Him now, as "he will come as a thief in the night". I
John describes the years of tribulation and how Satan and the antichrist
will come to deceive and destroy. The book of Revelation also tells of the
war waged on Satan and his workers by Jesus and the fall of his kingdom.
Revelation is rich with symbolism, as John describes what is revealed to him.
As we interpret this symbolism we can see how those things foretold in
Revelation are coming to pass. Many can give account to how mankind in the
present day is suffering with various famines such as aids and cancer, the
problems in the middle east as well as the problems we face each day.
The future of mankind is told as the destruction of the earth and heaven, and the
establishment of a new earth and heaven is provided by God, where the saints
shall live with Jesus forever.
Solomon's view of the meaning of life is illustrated in the book of
Ecclesiates. Solomon feels that it is important we not submit to foolish
acts of worshipping idols, such as money, power, etc. Solomon preaches that
we must be careful in our so called joy that we not give ourselves credit.
Also Solomon believes that we should be joyful in the Lord and not celebrate
our own works. Solomon also explains how there are certain times or seasons
for everything illustrated in Solomon 3:1-9. Solomon preaches that the race
of life is not given to the swift, strong, wise, skilled, nor rich. The book
of Ecclesiates illustrates that we should remember God and give him all of
the credit in our lives.
Solomon concludes this book by stating that we should "fear God and keep
His commandments", and "God shall bring every work into judgment. Solomon
12:13-14 In this statement Solomon is pointing out that we should always
reverence God and live by His commandments because we shall be judged by the
way in which we live our lives.
The book of Proverbs has affected the Judaic Christian view by
reinforcing the commandments and the importance of living by what we believe
is Christian. The book of Proverbs is a guide as to how we should behave as
Christians and treat one another. Solomon reiterates several times in this
book the point that we should be upright, honest, loving, and fear God. He
encourages Christians to turn away from wickedness and things that can cause
us to fall into wickedness, such as envy, lust, and riches.
The modern Christian view is basically a direct descendant of the afore
mentioned development of the Judaic Christian philosophy. We turn to the
book of Proverbs as a guide to appropriate conduct of a Christian. Several
churches use some of the scriptures of Proverbs in their church covenants.
Proverbs provides a basis for which we a Christians should aspire to live.
Solomon's purpose is to give a guideline of Christian living.
The development of the law is illustrated in the book of Deuteronomy by
the sins of Israel after being delivered out of the hands of Pharaoh. The
people of Israel began to doubt God and started worshipping false gods and
idols, and giving way to self delights. God became angry with Israel and put
forth the Ten Commandments by which they and we are to abide by.
If it were not for the Covenant of God the people of Israel would have
perished. But God made a Covenant with the Fathers of Israel that they were
the chosen people of God and He would give them favor. His promise was to
the generations of Israel that through His Covenant He would be forgiving.
The book of Deuteronomy gives a foundation for which Christians attempt
to live their lives. As Christians we try to be Christ like therefore follow
and live by the Ten Commandments. Deuteronomy provides a basis by which
Christians can hold themselves accountable to God.
The book of Isaiah foretells the coming of Jesus Christ most clearly of
any of the other books in the Old Testament. The book of Isaiah gives
special emphasis on the doctrine of God and His redemptive love. God gives a
warning that the ungodly will perish and His chosen people will live on to
glorify His name.
Isaiah tells of the coming of a Divine Messiah who will provide
deliverance. This Messiah will establish universal peace, goodness, and
truth over the world. Christ's earthly mission is to come as a servant of
God, to be rejected and despised by His own people, and to present His sacred body as
a living sacrifice for our sins. Deliverance not only to the true believers
of Israel, but also to the Gentiles who open their hearts to receive his
Isaiah gives a testimonial statement or illustration of the coming of
Jesus and foretells of His greatness and power. Isaiah tells of Jesus'
arrival and purpose of deliverance for Jew and Gentile.
Through the evaluation of various Old and New Testament scripture, we
find how Christianity was formed and how it applies to modern life. It is
important to look at the foundation and development of Christianity to
understand modern Christianity and how Christians should live their lives.
Also through study each person receives a better understanding of their
purpose or calling in their Christian walk. As God reveals Himself through
each book and scripture there is a closeness that is developed and a longing
to grasp His word and apply it to life.
While there are those who have not accepted Jesus and are searching for
their purpose it is important that Christians have knowledge of Jesus and His
redemptive love in order to convey that message to others.
Christianity affects many aspects of our lives, socially, economically,
and professionally. Our Christian faith leads us in our daily decisions and
choices that we make. We attempt to live the example of Christ as what we do
affects those around us.
HOLY BIBLE, King James Version, Nashville, Tenn., Broadman & Holman